Ajay Ponnapalli, and his coauthors' research has been accepted in Personnel Psychology

Ajay Ponnapalli, Assistant Professor of Management at the Mike Ilitch School of Business, has had his paper “A dual pathway model of remote work intensity: A meta-analysis of its simultaneous positive and negative Effects” accepted for publication in Personnel Psychology

The research, a meta-analysis examining remote work, contributes valuable insights as organizations navigate the evolving landscape of workplace dynamics. 


As the COVID-19 pandemic wanes, many organizations are asking employees to return to the office concerned that more extensive remote work could hurt employee morale and productivity. Employees, however, prefer to work remotely because of the flexibility it provides. In light of such competing perspectives, we conducted a meta-analysis examining remote work intensity’s (RWI) effects on employee outcomes. Remote work intensity refers to the extensiveness of remote work ranging from one or two days a week to full-time remote work. We propose a dual pathway model linking RWI to employee outcomes arguing that it has indirect but opposing effects on the same outcomes via two mediators—perceived autonomy and isolation. Findings from a meta-analysis of RWI’s effects based on 108 studies (k = 110, N = 45,288) support the dual pathway model. Allaying organizational concerns about remote work, RWI had overall small but beneficial effects on multiple consequential employee outcomes including job satisfaction, organizational commitment, perceived organizational support, supervisor-rated performance, and turnover intentions. We also conducted a meta-analysis of the effects of remote work use (RWU), a binary construct taking on two values—remote workers (users) vs. office-based workers (non-users of remote work). Findings from the RWU meta-analysis based on 62 studies (k = 63, N = 41,904) suggest that remote workers generally have better outcomes than their office-based colleagues. Altogether, findings suggest that remote work offers modest upsides with limited downsides—even for those who spend more time working away from the office. 

- Fahmida Khanom


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