Ariel Levi

Ariel Levi


Assistant Professor of Teaching in Management





Mike Ilitch School of Business
2771 Woodward Avenue
Room 443
Detroit, MI 48201

Academic Programs

  • Management

Ariel Levi


Levi is a member of the Academy of Management, American Psychological Association, Society for Industrial/Organizational Psychology and Society for Human Resource Management. 


  • Ph.D., Yale University, 1982
  • Post doctoral: NIMH, Columbia University, 1983
  • BA, University of California, 1976 


  • Organizational programs in diversity and affirmative action; court decisions and employee reactions regarding such programs;
  • Judgment and decision making at the individual and group levels;
  • Perceptions of, and attitudes toward, corporate social responsibility.

AACSB specialty


Research and teaching interests


  • Reactions to affirmative action and diversity programs on the part of beneficiaries and nonbeneficiaries; the motivational, affective, and cognitive effects of different forms of affirmative action and diversity programs; International HRM and national values; Perceptions of, and attitudes toward, corporate social responsibility Management
  • Employees' reactions to organizational cutbacks;
  • Cognitive and affective influences on perceptions of corporate social responsibility;
  • National cultural influences on organizations' adoption of human resource management practices, including job design, performance appraisal, and flexible work arrangements.


  • Organizational Behavior
  • Organizational Change and Development
  • Human Resource Management
  • Business and Society
  • Decision Making


  • "Translating corporate social responsibility into action: A social learning perspective" (with Tekleab, Reagan, Do, & Lichtman), 2020, Journal of Business Ethics. DOI: 10.1007/s10551-020-04447-y
  • "When everyone works harder for fewer rewards, is it fair? Implications of “organization-wide hardship” for managing and studying organizational fairness" (with Shapiro, Fried, Markoczy, & Noghani), 2019, Group and Organization Management, 44(2), 396-424.
  • "Flexible work arrangements, national culture, and organizational outcomes: A study across 21 countries" (with Peretz & Fried), 2018, Human Resource Management Journal, 28, 182-200.
  • "The experience of work stress and the context of time: Analyzing the role of subjective time" (with Eldor, Fried, Westman, Shipp, & Slowik), 2017, Organizational Psychology Review, 7, 227-249.
  • Organizational Diversity Programs across Cultures: Effects on Absenteeism, Turnover, Performance, and Innovation" (with Peretz and Fried), 2015, International Journal of Human Resource Management, 26, 879-903.
  • "Job Design" (with Fried), 2013, Oxford Bibliographies in Management Online. Oxford University.
  • "Differences between African Americans and Whites in Reactions to Affirmative Action Programs in Hiring, Promotion, Training, and Layoffs" (with Fried), 2008, Journal of Applied Psychology, 93, 1118-1129
  • "Motivation and Job Design in the New World of Work" (with Fried and Laurence), 2008, in S. Cartwright and C. L. Cooper (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Personnel Psychology, Oxford University Press, 586-611.
  • "Placing the Job Characteristics Model in Context: The Contributing Role of Time" (with Fried, Grant, Hadani, and Slowik), 2007, Journal of Organizational Behavior, 28, 911-927.
  • "The Job Characteristics Model and LMX-MMX Leadership" (with Fried and Laurence), 2007, in G. B. Graen (Ed.), LMX Leadership: The Series (5), 157-197. Information Age Publishing.
  • "Race Differences in Termination at Work: The Role of Educational Inequality" (with Hargis, Baltes, and Fried), 2006, Journal of Business and Psychology (April), 1-12.
  • "Job Design" (with Fried, Snider, and Hadani), 2006. In S. G. Rogelberg (Ed.), The Encyclopedia of Industrial and Organizational Psychology (1), 392-395. Sage Publishing.
  • "The Relation between Political Ideology and Attitudes toward Affirmative Action among African-Americans: The moderating Effect of Racial Discrimination in the Workplace" (with Fried, Billings, and Browne), 2001, Human Relations, 54, 561-584.
  • "Rater Positive and Negative Mood Predispositions as Predictors of Performance Ratings of Ratees in Simulated and Real Organizational Settings: Evidence from U.S. and Israeli Samples" (with Fried, Ben-David, and Tiegs), 2000, Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 73, 373-378.
  • "Inflation of Subordinates' Performance Ratings: Main and Interactive Effects of Rater Negative Affectivity, Documentation of Work Behavior, and Appraisal Visibility" (with Fried, Ben-David, and Tiegs), 1999, Journal of Organizational Behavior, 20, 431-444.
  • "A Cross-cultural Exploration of the Reference Dependence of Crucial Group Decisions under Risk: Japan's 1941 Decision for War" (with Whyte), 1997, Journal of Conflict Resolution, 41, 792-813.
  • "The Origins and Function of the Reference Point in Risky Group Decision Making: The Case of the Cuban Missile Crisis" (with Whyte), 1994, Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 7, 243-260.
  • "Breadth, Focus, and Content in Leader Priority-setting: Effects on Decision Quality and Perceived Leader Performance (with Mainstone), 1992, in K. Clark, M. Clark, and D. P. Campbell (Eds.), The Impact of Leadership. Center for Creative Leadership.
  • "Fundamentals of Statistical Process Control" (with Mainstone), 1987, Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 9, 5-21.
  • "Obstacles to Understanding and Using Statistical Process Control as a Productivity Improvement Approach" (with Mainstone), 1987, Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 9, 23-32.
  • "Use of the Availability Heuristic in Probability Estimates of Future Events: The Effects of Imagining Outcomes versus Imagining Reasons" (with Pryor), 1987, Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 40, 219-234.
  • "Quality is Job One: An Introduction to Statistical Process Control" (with Mainstone), 1986. In S. C. Certo and L. A Graf (Eds.), Experiencing Modern Management: A Workbook of Study Activities (3), 285-298.
  • "A Strategy for Teaching about Judgmental Bias and Methods for Improving Judgment" (with Mainstone), 1985, Organizational Behavior Teaching Review, 10, 9-24.
  • "Decision Making and Decision Theory" (with Abelson), 1985, in G. Lindzey and E. Aronson (Eds.), Handbook of Social Psychology (3), 231-309.
  • "Attribution Bias: On the Inconclusiveness of the Cognition-motivation Debate" (with Tetlock), 1982, Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 18, 68-88.
  • "A Cognitive Analysis of Japan's 1941 Decision for War" (with Tetlock), 1980, Journal of Conflict Resolution, 24-195-211.


  •  "Cultural Congruence and Organizational Outcomes: The Role of HR Fit and Social Tightness" (with Peretz and Fried), August 2016, Paper presented at the National Academy of Management Meeting, Anaheim, CA
  • "Translating CSR into Managerial Behavior: Determinants of Charitable Donation" (with Reagan, Tekleab, and Lichtman), August, 2015, Paper presented at the National Academy of Management Meeting, Vancouver, Canada
  • "Dual Effects of Subsidiary and Parent Organizations' Human Resource Practices on Employee Responses" (with Peretz and Fried), August 2014, Paper presented at the National Academy of Management Meeting, Philadelphia, PA.
  • "How Explanations and Forecasts Affect Perceived Fairness of Pay Freezes" (with Shapiro, Fried, and Markoczy), April 2013, Paper presented at the Society of Industrial and Organizational Psychology Meeting, Houston, TX.
  • "The Use of Data in 'Live' Cases to Encourage Systems Thinking and Integrative Analysis: An Exercise Linking Human Resource Programs and Financial Outcomes in Real Organizations" (with Cannon and Friesan), March 2012, Paper presented at the Association for Business Simulation and Experiential Learning Conference, San Diego, CA.
  • "Organizational Affirmative Action Programs across Cultures: Effects on Absenteeism and Turnover" (with Peretz and Fried), August, 2010, Paper presented at the National Academy of Management Meeting, Montreal, Canada.
  • "Persistence in a career goal hierarchy across time as a function of advancement probability, locus of control, and future orientation: an exploratory study" (with Fried, Slowik, Das, and Cerdin), 2005, paper presented at the National Academy of Management Meeting, Honolulu, HI.
  • "Contextualizing organizational citizenship behavior: A conceptual analysis" (with Fried and Drori), 2005, paper presented at the National Academy of Management Meeting, Honolulu, HI.
  • "The effects of organizational framing of affirmative action on program acceptance among nonbeneficiaries: A contingency model" (with Fried), 2005, paper presented at the conference, "Diversity as a competitive advantage in the global economy," Syracuse, NY.

Courses taught by Ariel Levi

Fall Term 2024 (future)

Spring-Summer Term 2024 (future)

Winter Term 2024

Fall Term 2023

Spring-Summer Term 2023

Winter Term 2023

Fall Term 2022

Spring-Summer Term 2022

Winter Term 2022